Micromill for characterisation of the milling value of wheat grains
- How does it work?
- What can it be used for?
- What can it not be used for?
- Related Facilities
- Further Information
|Key words||Micromill, prediction, flour yield, characterisation, dry fractionation process, wheat grain|
|Completed by||INRA - IATE|
How does it work?
|Primary objective||to predict the milling value (i.e. flour yield) of several kinds of wheat with a sample of only around 500g using a micromill prototype.|
|Working principle|| This method relies on the study of the milling value of wheat grains and of the chemical composition and the rheological properties of the flour products.
A special processing diagram has been established with a micromill prototype in order to reproduce the results obtained with industrial mill and diagram (4).
Tests have been conducted on more than 80 different wheat samples (differences in genetics, geographical origin and year of crop). The results for flour yields and for bran purity can be used as prediction models and decision tool for cereal industry searching for the best wheat milling value (1-3, 5).
|Additional effects|| The special processing diagram leads to a reduced percentage of damaged starch.
The flour obtained with this micromill could be used for baking tests.
|Important process parameters|| Processing diagram
Results could be used to compare the behaviour of different wheat samples and are reliable thanks to the industrial diagram. However relative quantities rather than absolute values have to be considered.
|Important product parameters|
What can it be used for?
|Products||Common wheat (soft & hard) (Triticum aestivum)|
|Operations|| Milling and sieving
|Solutions for short comings|| Instruments for measuring rheological properties of flour
Wheat starch quality
What can it NOT be used for?
|Products||Any other products than common wheat durum wheat (not tested yet)|
|Operations||Any other operation than separation|
|Other limitations||The absolute milling values of wheat samples that are obtained with this method are not so interesting by themselves and can’t be compared to the conventional values.|
|Risks or hazards||No known hazard|
|Maturity|| The technology is protected through a registered patent (french territory).
Today, 2 prototypes have been constructed. The commercial version is coming soon (mid 2014). The flour obtained with this micromill could be used for baking tests
|Modularity /Implementation||Not applicable- development phase|
|Consumer aspects||No information currently available|
|Legal aspects|| French patent n° 0905572
Please check for local legislation
|Environmental aspects||No information currently available|
Facilities that might be interesting for you
|Institutes||INRA - IATE, ARVALIS, ENILIA - ENSMIC, IRTAC|
|Companies||ANMF, AFSA, Danone, Tripette & Renaud - Chopin, Buhler|
|References|| (1) Bar L’Helgouach C., Tommy-Martin V., Chaurand M. and Abecassis J., 2004. Prediction of the milling value of common wheat using an instrumentally controlled micromill. Poster, 12th ICC Cereal & Bread Congress "UCST 2004". 24-26 may, Harrogate, UK.
(2) Bar L’Helgouach C., Tommy-Martin V., Chaurand M. and Abecassis J., 2004. Prédiction de la valeur meunière d’un blé avec un micromoulin instrumenté. Poster. Journées Techniques de l’AEMIC. November 2004, Paris, France.
(3) Abecassis J., Bar L’Helgouach C., Dubat A., Greffeuille V. and Lullien-Pellerin V., 2007. Predicting the milling efficiency of wheat grain. ICC 1st Latin American Conference. September 2007, Rosario, Argentina.
(4) Abecassis J., Bar L’Helgouach C., Dubat A., Geoffroy S. and Pujol R., 2011. Procédé et appareil de fabrication simplifiée, d’une mouture de blés de reference. International patent WO 2011061420 (A1)
(5) Lasme P.*, Oury F.X., Michelet C., Abecassis J., Mabille F., Bar L’Helgouach C., Lullien-Pellerin V., 2012. A study of puroindoline b involvement in the milling behavior of hard type common wheats. Cereal Chem 89 (1) 44-51.
Results could be used to compare the behaviour of different wheat samples and are reliable thanks to the industrial diagram. However relative quantities rather than absolute values have to be considered.warning.png"Processing diagram
Results could be used to compare the behaviour of different wheat samples and are reliable thanks to the industrial diagram. However relative quantities rather than absolute values have to be considered." cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
Mills 2.2.4 physical separation, conversion not applicable Interviewing the researchers of UMR 1208 IATE (INRA, Montpellier, France): Joël Abecassis, Marc Chaurand, Valérie Lullien-Pellerin WikiSysop :Template:Review document :Template:Review status